merits and demerits of democracy
merits of democracy –
Public interest :-
The purpose of democracy is the welfare of the general public. Democracy-Governance is considered a symbol of welfare, development and convenience of the people. In a democracy, efforts are made to do maximum public interest of the common man through the policies, programs, orders of the government.
Political training :-
Democracy also gives political training to the general public. In a democracy, the means of communication, press, television, etc., are used extensively. Political parties, politicians, pressure groups and organizations work actively in a democracy.
Political parties put the wishes and aspirations of the people in front of the government. The government makes available information about all political activities to the public while making policies on them. Efforts are made to establish equality in this.
Development of morals :-
In a democracy, the development of national character and morality should be in the citizens. Developing qualities like patriotism, patriotism, sacrifice, sacrifice, service and tolerance, etc. tries to keep the citizens connected with the nation.
Democracy tries to develop higher qualities. Morality prevents democracy from being corrupt. Morality instills a sense of self-confidence in the citizens. In a democracy, the resolution of good ideals is repeated.
Revolution in Democracy :-
The possibilities of revolution in democracy are very less because in democracy the people have the freedom to raise their voice through different media and their voice through different mediums.
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Democracy Nationalism :-
Democracy also coordinates between nationalism and internationalism.
defects of democracy –
Politicization of politics :-
In a democracy, a politician comes into politics to establish the ideals and values. After coming into the governance system, he becomes a victim of politicization. Once in the governance system, it does not want to be separated from the governance system. He wants to be associated with democracy for life.
Makes a show for the ideals and values of the people. Whereas in public life he wants to do something. He finds himself incapable of politicization. In such a situation, democracy does not belong to all, but remains confined to a wide range of meanings. In a democracy, instead of public politics, the politics of individualization goes on increasing. This is what leads to its faults.
Lack of practical social equality :-
In countries where democracy was established, it is mostly seen that social equality is not maintained practically. Social equality is never established because of high-low, poverty-rich, class-struggle, methods and economic inequalities.
Rule of Incompetent Persons :-
Aristotle considered democracy to be a perverted form and considered it to be inept governance. People, leaders, politicians who are involved in democracy are considered ineligible because they do not get intensive training in politics.
Being admitted to the government system only on the basis of simple merit is a sign of disqualification. In a democracy, on the basis of money, power, unqualified persons enter the government, so there is a crowd of unqualified persons in democracy. Leckie has also written in this regard,
Crisis Situation :-
Democracy is not very successful in resolving the emergency situation because a lot of time is wasted in taking decisions in the democracy.
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